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One Release is not enough Human Rights in China welcomes release of Wang Dan, calls for release of other political prisoners

April 19, 1998

Human Rights in China welcomes the release of Wang Dan, but regrets that Wang is being forced into exile. Human Rights in China calls on the Chinese government to stop using imprisoned dissidents as bargaining chips in a game of hostage politics and begin addressing the serious human rights problems in the People's Republic of China.

As a leader of the 1989 student demonstrations, Wang Dan is a major symbol of that nationwide protest movement. Wang Dan has been released, but the 1989 Tiananmen Square Beijing Massacre is not behind us. Close to nine years after the crackdown, hundreds of others remain in prison for their role in the 1989 protests. The list below contains the names of 158 individuals from Beijing alone who are serving lengthy prison sentences for their participation in the 1989 pro-democracy movement. This information was primarily compiled by Li Hai, a former Beijing student who was arrested in 1995 for making the list public and subsequently sentenced to a nine-year prison term. Li Hai, the persons on this list, and the many other "nameless" individuals jailed throughout China in connection with the 1989 crackdown might not be as internationally well-known as Wang Dan, but their lives and liberty are equally as important.

How can President Clinton visit Tiananmen Square this coming June knowing that hundreds of Chinese citizens still remain in prison for their roles in the pro-democracy demonstrations of 1989? Human Rights in China is submitting the following list to Secretary of State Madelaine Albright for her reference as she travels to Beijing later this month to negotiate the terms of President Clinton's upcoming visit to China.

Human Rights in China urges the Chinese government to demonstrate its commitment to making genuine improvements in the human rights situation by releasing all of the prisoners on this list, as well as the thousands of other political and religious detainees throughout China.

China is at a critical juncture, facing enormous political, economic and social challenges. Particularly at such a moment, the country needs activists like Wang Dan, who has demonstrated an intense commitment to the path of peaceful, rational, public advocacy for change which addresses the nation's real problems. He and his fellow activists should be allowed to stay in their country to contribute to the development of a more democratic China in which basic human rights are fully respected.

[Note: For additional information on Wang Dan, see "People" session on Wang Dan at our website]

List of Beijing Citizens Still in Prison
in Connection with 1989 Tiananmen Square Crackdown

Beijing No.2 Prison
Name, Age - Sentence, Charge (see key below for charge name)

Cao Yingyuan, 40 - 10 years, #6
Chang Jingqiang - 25, Life, #4, 5
Chang Yongjie, 31 - Susp. death #4, 6, 9
Chen Dongxiang, 57 - 14 years #3
Chen Qiulong, 38 - 13 years, #3
Chen Yanbin, 23 - 15 years, #7
Guan Jian, 46 - 20 years, #3
Han Gang, 27 - 12 years, #6
Hu Zhongxi - 10 years, #2
Jiang Yaqun, 54 - Susp. death #4, 4A
Li Yujun, 29 - Life #4
Li Zhixin, 37 - Life #4, 4A
Lu Jinsheng, 30 - 15 years, #4A
Miao Deshun - Susp. death #1
Shen Licheng, 43 - 13 years, #3
Shi Xuezhi, 53 - 16 years, #4A
Song Kai, 40 - Life #5
Sun Chuanheng, 22 - Life #4A
Sun Hong, 22 - Susp. death #4A
Tan Diaoqiang, 42 - 15 years, #3
Tang Yong, 23 - 10 years, #6
Wang, 42 - 15 years, #3
Wang Baoyu - Susp. death
Wang Dongfeng, 40 - 10 years, #4A, 6
Wang Jiaxiang, 76 - Life #4
Wu Chunqi, 42 - Life #4, 4A
Zhang Baosheng, 22 - 13 years, #5, 6
Zhang Peiwen, 55 - 10 years,
Zhao Suoran, 30 - Life #4
Zhu Gengsheng, 31 - Susp. death #4, 4A, 6

Beijing No.2 Prison, No. 9 Team
Name, Age, Occupation - Sentence, Charge (see key below for charge name)

Bai Fengying, 34, worker - 15 years, #9
Chai Jun, 26 - 14 years, #4a
Chen Yang, 27, worker - 15 years, #9, #10
Deng Wanyu, 34 - 15 years, #4
Dong Shengkun, 37, cadre in Beijing No. 2 Print Works - Susp. death, #4
Du Jianwen, 28, worker - 17 years, #9, #10
Duan Zhijun, 43, worker - 11 years, #4
Feng Lisheng, 33 - Life, #11
Gao Hongwei, 28 - Life, #4
Gao Liang, 27, worker - Life, #4
Gao Zhenhe, 23 - 20 years, #9, #10
Gong Chuanchang, 25 - 15 years, #9
Guo Zhenbo, 30, worker - 13 years, #9, #10
Hao Fuchun, 61 - 15 years, #9
Hua Siyu, 27, cadre - 13 years, #9, #10
Huang Xuekun, 28 - 12 years, #9, #10
Huo Liansheng, 29 - 12 years, #11
Jia Majie, 27, cadre - 13 years, #4
Jiang Sheng, 31, worker - 15 years, #9, #5
Li Changzhan, 34, worker - 13 years, #4
Li Fuquan, 35 - 15 years, #4
Li Hongqi, 31, worker - 20 years, #11, #9, #10
Li Tao, 26, worker - 11 years, #9, #10
Li Zengliang, 27 - 13 years, #10
Lian Zhenguo, 30 - 13 years, #9
Liang Yingchun, 38, worker - 12 years, #4
Liang Yunqing, 27, worker - 14 years, #9, #10
Liang Zhaohui, 26, worker - 13 years, #4
Liang Zhenyun, 32, auto-mechanic - 12 years, #11
Liang Zhixiang, 25, worker - 10.5 years, #4
Liu Changqing, 34 - 15 years, #4
Liu Chunlong, 26 - 12 years, #4
Liu Huaidong, 31, cadre - 13 years, #10
Liu Jianwen, 29, worker - 20 years, #11, #10
Liu Kunlun, 43, cadre - 13 years, #4
Liu Quan, 44 - 15 years, #4, #13
Liu Xu, 28, worker - 15 years, #4
Liu Zhenting, 36, worker in Beijing No. 2 auto plant - 17 years, #4, #9
Lu Xiaojun, 36, worker - 13 years, #9, #10
Ma Guochun, 35 - 11 years, #9, #10
Ma Lianxi, 44 - 15 years, #11
Ma Shimin, 26 - 11 years, #4
Meng Fanjun, 29, worker - 13 years, #11
Mi Yuping, 39, worker - 13 years, #4
Niu Shuliang, 26, worker - 12 years, #4
Niu Zhanping, 43, worker - 12 years, #4, #12
Peng Xingguo, 41 - 15 years, #4
Qiao Hongqi, 38, worker - 12 years, #11
Shan Hui, 28, worker - 14 years, #9
Shi Xuezhi, 58 - Life, #4
Song Shihui, 24, worker - 11 years, #9, #10
Su Gang, 28, teacher - 15 years, #4
Sun Chuanheng, 28 - Life, reduced to 20 years, #2
Sun Hong, 27, worker - Susp. death, #4
Sun Yancai, 32 - Life, #9
Sun Yanru, 27 - 13 years, #9
Sun Zhengang, 33, worker - 14 years, #4
Wang Jian, 30, worker - 13 years, #9
Wang Lianhui, 31 - Life, #9
Wang Lianxi, 43, worker - Life, #4
Wang Xian, 30, worker - Life, #4
Wang Yonglu, 30, worker - 11 years, #11
Wang Yueming, 32 - 13 years, #4
Wang Chunmo, 34 - 11 years, #9
Wang Dongming, 37, worker - 13 years, #4
Wu Ruijiang, 28, cadre - 13 years, #9, #10
Xi Haoliang, 27, worker - Susp. death, #4, #5
Xu Ning, 26, worker - 12 years (reduced by 2 years), #4
Yan Jianxin, 30, worker - 11 years, #9, #10
Yang Guanghui, 25 - 12 years, #4
Yang Jianhua, 38, worker - 14 years, #9, #12
Yang Pu, 34 - Susp. death, #4
Yang Yupu, 33 - 15 years, #4
Yu Wen, 29, worker - 12 years, #10
Zhang Baojun, 27 - 13 years, #4, #9
Zhang Baoku, 29, worker - 12 years, #4
Zhang Baoqun, 32 - Life, #4
Zhang Fukun, 39 - Life, #4
Zhang Guodong, 27 - Life, #4
Zhang Kun, 28, worker - 11 years, #4
Zhang Maosheng, 30 - Susp. death, #4
Zhang Qijie, 32, worker - Susp. death, #9, #10, concealing a weapon
Zhang Qun, 27, worker - Life, #4
Zhang Shengbo, 28, cadre - 14 years, #9
Zhang Yansheng, 30 - Life, #9
Zhao Qing, 28, worker - 18 years, #4, #9
Zhao Yushuo, 37 - 14 years, #9
Zheng Yansheng, 45, worker - 11 years, #4
Zhu Wenyi, 37, worker - Susp. death, #4

Qinghe Farm, No.3 Branch
Name, Age - Sentence, Charge (see key below for charge name)

Chen Baohua, 19 - 10 years, #10
Dong Jianjun, 20 - 9 years, #10
Feng Xuyin, 25 - 9 years, #11
Huo Yanfeng, 16 - 10 years, #4A
Li Lijing, 20 - 10 years, #11
Li Ruijun, 27 - 9 years, #11
Li Shengli, 21 - 9 years, #10
Li Yanming, 28 - 9 years, #11
Liang Aizhong, 26 - 10 years, #10
Liu Dongquan, 24 - 10 years, #4A
Liu Tianli, 21 - 10 years, #10
Lu Jingshan, 20 - 10 years, #4A, 10
Meng Fanmin, 19 - 10 years, #11
Qin Zhiyu, 18 - 10 years, #4A
Rong Yongnan, 36 - 10 years, #11
Tian Degang, 30 - 10 years, #10
Wan Baolin, 33 - 10 years, #11, 10
Wang Xianhui, 26 - 9 years, #11
Wei Guoqing, 25 - 10 years, #11
Xiao Fuge, 21 - 9 years, #10
Zhang Zhenxi, 20 - 10 years, #10

Qinghe Farm, No.8 Branch
Name - Sentence

Deng Yuanping - 9 years
Ding Ke - 9 years
Dong Shuangsuo - 10 years
Shi Guohui - 10 years
Wu Yuping - 9 years
Zhang Cailin - 10 years
Zhang Chuanyou - 10 years
Zhao Yongjiang - 9.5 years

Qinghe Farm, No.6 Branch
Name – Sentence

Chen Wei - 10 years
Cheng Hongli - 10 years*
Cheng Honglin - 10 years*
Deng Shusen - 10 years*
Li Donghui - 10 years
Li Jimin - 9 years
Zhang Fusheng - 9 years*
Zhang Liwei - 9 years
Zhao Jianxin - 10 years*
Zhao Jun - 10 years

Key

Counterrevolutionary charges:

#1 - Defecting to the enemy and turning traitor
#2 - Participating in armed mass rebellion
#3 - Espionage
#4 - Counterrevolutionary sabotage
#4A - Counterrevolutionary arson
#5 - Counterrevolutionary injury
#6 - Counterrevolutionary propaganda and incitement
#7 - Organizing a counterrevolutionary group
#8 - Conspiring to subvert the government

Common criminal charges

#9 - Robbery
#10 - Hooliganism
#11 - Stealing or seizing gun or ammunition
#12 - Disturbing social order
#13 - Disrupting traffic

Notes:

(1) Some of the ages of prisoners in Qinghe Farm No.3 Branch are age at date of arrest.
(2) Sentences marked with an asterisk* could have been subject to reduction or supplementation.
(3) "Susp. death" means a death sentence with a two-year reprieve. This means that if the prisoner has behaved well during the two- year period, the sentence is normally commuted to life.

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